Theme 13 - Health and Environment Innovations as Strategies for Reducing Social Inequalities and Improving Quality of Life


Throughout the world, vulnerable people become sicker and die sooner than those who have a privileged social position. This inequality stems from the historical forms of social organization and appropriation of wealth, which have been reproduced in the current context of globalization. In Brazil, the slave and colonial past left traces that persist to the present days. It is worth adding that social inequality contributes to the deterioration of the environments in which we live and work, and from where we obtain everything we use to supply our needs, from food to production of inputs for agricultural, industrial and commercial activities. The predatory use of natural resources puts many species at risk, affects biodiversity, and ultimately threatens the future of life on planet Earth. Environmental degradation, in turn, contributes to maintaining or worsening social inequalities, notably in terms of access to drinking water, sanitary sewage, garbage collection, and fresh air, including nutritional deficiencies and exposures to chemical, physical and biological agents. Therefore, vulnerable groups have their precarious conditions of life determined by both environmental degradation, and structural components of society, such as social class, as well as related factors such as patterns of economic development, ethnic-racial and gender relations, working conditions, access to the social security network, and other determinants of psychosocial, cultural and local aspects. Furthermore, anthropogenic climate change has led to "natural" disasters, desertification and other phenomena that have a negative impact on biodiversity and population health. Health, according to Brazilian law, is a right of all and a duty of the State. The contribution of scientific research, through the production of knowledge and technological development, is essential to ensure the effectiveness of this right. Technicalscientific knowledge – supported by biology, immunology, pathology, epidemiology, and socio-historical analysis, among other areas – is necessary in order to formulate, implement and evaluate policies that can contribute to everyone’s well-being and reduce inequalities UFBA, in particular, has research groups and graduate programs dedicated to issues related to innovation, health, environment, and social inequality, which are recognized in the production of knowledge and technology.


To promote UFBA graduate students’ exchange programs with centers of excellence abroad


To attract to UFBA young scientific talents and renowned researchers with an expressive practice abroad, with outstanding scientific and technological production, with the objective of establishing partnerships and training of new profiles of human resources adequate to Brazilian development needs. 

Partner Countries

  • Israel
  • Denmark
  • South Africa
  • The United States
  • Mexico
  • New Zealand
  • Portugal
  • Austria
  • China
  • Finland
  • The United Kingdom
  • Ireland
  • Germany
  • The Netherlands
  • Belgium
  • Spain
  • Canada
  • France
  • Italy