The concept of Industry 4.0 was first used in 2011 at the Hannover Fair as a German project to promote greater competitiveness of its industry, which could be achieved by focusing on the application of new technologies in the industrial context. Terms like "Advanced Manufacturing" or even "Industrial Internet of Things" are equivalent and commonly used by the international community. Generally, these terms also associate what has been called the Fourth Industrial Revolution. There are those who propose the idea that since the 1970s a Third Industrial Revolution has begun and there are still those who do not agree with that. Regardless of the belief, the technological transformation experienced in the last decades is undeniable, particularly for the development of microelectronics and computing. Brazilian Institutions such as the Institute of Studies for Industrial Development, in its issue no. 797 of July 2017 further argues, "A crucial difference between Industry 4.0 and the industrial revolutions that preceded it lies in the fact that the new paradigm of the means of production was not observed after its development and impact in the market. It was foreseen from scratch.” And it goes on: "… it is necessary to address the theme seriously and immediately, gathering efforts from the private, the government and the academic sectors, in order to mitigate the risks, and take full advantage of opportunities related to this trend." Thus, regardless the beliefs or denominations, an internationally recognized fact is the current transformation in services and productive processes. In this context, there are issues to be defined, including the position that Brazil wishes to occupy in this new scenario; what will be the role of the Brazilian academy and, in our case, how UFBA is included
in this new revolution. It is up to the academy to see and stand in the face of this predicted technological revolution. More than this, it is up to this University to define the place that it seeks to occupy in this new technological scenario. The technological changes in question point minimally to economic, social, environmental and educational changes, involving not only the training of qualified human resources, but also consumers with greater access to information and technology. Such a scenario imposes the breakdown of social paradigms, including the reduction of inequality by the simple dissemination of information, as well as new approaches for the development and transfer of knowledge, from early childhood education to higher education.
To increase interaction between UFBA and the industril community for the achievement of projects of technological/scientific development.
Considering the exchange of experiences and the qualification of faculty/students in the themes related to Industry 4.0 as proposed in the previous item, there is also the objective of increasing the interaction between the national industry and the university, among others, for the development of new projects of partnership. It is believed that such a framework will take place through the domain of new technologies and innovative solutions of interest and important for the development of the national industry, propitiating the development of new processes and products based on new digital technologies with wide benefits to the society.
- The United Kingdom
- The United States
- Civil engineering
- Electrical Engineering
- Insdustrial Engineering
- Chemical Engineering - UFBA/UNIFACS
- PROFNIT –